These attitudes, along with inflammatory rhetoric, often lead to violence, apathy and scapegoating on the part of Western populations. This in turn perpetuates a dangerous cycle of alienation and marginalization for non-white, non-Christian people, especially women, and particularly for those who wear hijab.
Our words have the ability to re-write narratives, redistribute power, and shift understanding in whatever direction we choose. They are not neutral objects of little significance and should never be disregarded, especially as we enter this new “post-truth era.”
Men and boys should be encouraged to embrace vulnerability and femininity. However, expecting women and femmes to emotionally service the men in their lives is not and expression of intersectionality. It is just another mechanism that asymmetrically benefits men.
No one should have to experience the adverse effects that these studies entail, but even today, it still takes a man complaining for anything to get done.
The most terrifying result of the rhetoric used during these debates is the normalization of xenophobia and the validation of overblown suspicion of Middle Eastern and Muslim people.
Intuitively, this broad ideology may seem positive at best and harmless at worst, but given its disregard for socioeconomic relations and resulting behaviors of socialization, it can be deeply problematic.
If you are able to observe fear in people, such that everyday activities like walking down the street are considered dangerous, it is likely that you are living in a rape culture.
In every crack of the internet and in any vaguely political conversation, there seems to be a certain type of person lurking, waiting to find the right moment to interrupt growing social awareness with all-inclusive, but essentially undermining, comments.