Have you ever felt drained after working to continue smiling at disrespectful customers or faking interest in a coworker’s relationship issues? This type of effort has a name: emotional labor.
The term, neoliberalism, originates from the revival of classical liberalism, which similarly emphasizes free-market economics. While many self-identified liberals in America support government regulation of the economy and social services, neoliberalism is currently related to modern day libertarianism — supporting a free market and smaller government.
In order to better understand the future of feminism, there must be acknowledgement of the waves of feminism that led women to this point. Each wave has distinct characteristics and builds off of the previous women’s movements.
White passing privilege is the additional privilege some people of color (POC) are afforded when their features, such as skin color or hair texture, cause them to be mistaken as white.
The prison industrial complex describes the overlapping government and industry use of surveillance, policing and imprisonment to “solve” economic, social, and political issues. This complex is a consequence of Nixon’s War on Drugs, racial biases, punitive laws and the 1984 Sentencing Reform Act.
Sexual violence is the non-legal blanket term that includes sexual harassment, sexual abuse, sexual assault, molestation and rape.
The argument behind SWERF ideology tends to be that sex workers become the victims of sexual objectification, exploitation, and violence; and that, by participating in this kind of industry, sex workers become co-perpetrators of these crimes. While most feminist schools support an individual’s right to choose what sexual activities they do or do not engage in, SWERFs take it upon themselves to tell other people what and what not to do with their bodies.
These attitudes, along with inflammatory rhetoric, often lead to violence, apathy and scapegoating on the part of Western populations. This in turn perpetuates a dangerous cycle of alienation and marginalization for non-white, non-Christian people, especially women, and particularly for those who wear hijab.
The reality is, gender exists on a spectrum — not a binary. So people who identify as one extreme of the spectrum, even if it does not match up with one’s biological sex, are equally valid, and those who identify as a woman should not feel like any less even if they were not born biologically female; what matters is how they feel and identify within.
Postcolonial feminism resists Euro-American feminists’ tendency to universalize the shape oppression takes for women in various sociopolitical and historical contexts.